- Regional Peacekeepers : The Paradox of Russian Peacekeeping
- Les conflits gelés de l’espace postsoviétique
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The truce was not to last long, however. Shortly thereafter, the Abkhaz side declared that the Georgian government had failed to complete the withdrawal of its troops from the Gagra zone.
Regional Peacekeepers : The Paradox of Russian Peacekeeping
However, according to Russian Army Lieutenant General Sufiyan Bepayev , deputy commander of the Transcaucasian Military District , the Georgians had complied with the 3 September accords and by 30 September had withdrawn 1, troops and their corresponding equipment from the area. They were commanded by the then little-known Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev ,  who had been appointed Deputy Minister of Defense in the Abkhaz secessionist government and put in charge of the Gagra front.
The allies were aided by combat helicopters and Su bombers. Kolesnikov was directly responsible for planning the operation. The Georgian Shavnabada Battalion was caught by surprise, losing almost all of its parked heavy vehicles, but managed to build up a defensive line at the southwestern edges to the city and the beach site.
Les conflits gelés de l’espace postsoviétique
Artillery batteries, which had been already placed on the southern heights prior to the battle, had good line of sight on the town and its surroundings. The Abkhaz-North Caucasian alliance advanced with full force toward the city center in an attempt to overwhelm the defenders by sheer manpower. The initial assault was met with heavy resistance and shelling. Georgian soldiers and artillery in particular dealt heavy losses to the attackers and forced them to retreat. The Shavnabada Battalion, along with a platoon of mixed special forces units, mounted a counterattack and made the alliance forces disperse and rout into the northeastern forests.
The Abkhaz-North Caucasian combatants' fighting morale was at the edge of collapse and a large number of them started to disband. However, the alliance re-consolidated its forces, gathered sufficient numbers, and mounted another massive offensive. With most equipment already lost in the surprise attack, Georgian forces ran out of options and considered abandoning Gagra the next day.
Special forces leader Gocha Karkarashvili, younger brother of overall commander Giorgi Karkarashvili , insisted on remaining in town with a number of men in order to halt the attackers until reinforcements arrived, despite the remoteness of this possibility.
He and a small number of commandos and armed Georgian civilians entrenched themselves in the police and railway stations. The outnumbered Georgians were able to defend these two positions for a while until they were completely surrounded and overrun.
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The Abkhazians identified 11 members of the elite unit White Eagles , including its leader. Most of the aiding militias were captured.
The 13th Battalion and special forces elements became entangled in a losing fight with a second large group of combatants approaching from the nearby forests which led to a full retreat. In the days that followed these villages also fell, adding to the flight of refugees to the Russian border. More from Peter Cross John Mackinlay. Political science Open print view. Mon 23 Sep Tue 24 Sep Wed 25 Sep Thu 26 Sep Fri 27 Sep Sat 28 Sep closed Sun 29 Sep closed More opening hours.
Faculty library of law and criminology Open print view. Mon 23 Sep Ingang koepelzaal gesloten Description: IX, p. Subject: Peacekeeping forces Former Soviet republics. Regional Peacekeepers : the Paradox of Russian Peacekeeping. Tokyo: United Nations university, APA: Cross, P. Product details Format Paperback pages Dimensions x x Peter Cross is project coordinator at Saferworld, a London-based foreign affairs think tank.
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